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State of Missouri (1904) - St. Clair County

Map of County
High Resolution (1166 x 996) Version of Map

St. Clair County is situated on the west side of southern Missouri. It is fifty miles east of Kansas and seventy miles south of the Missouri River at Lexington. Agriculture, stock raising, and mining are principal occupations. Tomato growing, livestock ranching, and lime manufacture give it feature. Ranch is applied in St. Clair county to half a dozen farms each not more than five hundred acres, devoted to cattle or sheep raising. The owner places the property in the hands of an overseer, who lives upon the place and conducts the feeding of stock. The owner resides in town. Northwest one fourth of St. Clair county is prairie, commercial and industrial interests thereof centering at Appleton City, largest town, population 1,133. Osceola, on Osage River, is county seat; population 1,037. Lowry City, in northeast, is best town in its section of the county. Lime is manufactured at Osceola.

Population -- White 17,645, colored 262; American born 17,590, foreign born 317; total 17,907. Farm homes owned 1,925, rented 866, other homes owned 617, rented 409; total families 3,817.

Finance -- County tax: general revenue 50 cents; road 15 cents; sinking fund 15 cents; total, 80 cents. School tax from 12 cents to $2.40, average 60 cents on one hundred dollars. Assessed valuation: land and personal $3,521,545; merchants $114,980; railroads $511,640; total, $4,481,165.16. Assessed valuation per cent of actual value 50. County debt $7,000, outstanding warrants. No township debt.

Timber -- Forty per cent of land originally timbered; white, black and post oak, hickory, pecan, walnut, hackberry, mulberry, elm, sycamore, cottonwood, chiefly in east, southeast and along streams. Commercial size almost exhausted.

Minerals -- Coal production, 3,139 tons annually; operated mines at Appleton City, Dottie, Lowry City, Iuka Springs, Monegaw Springs, Taberville, Tiffin, and Osceola. Vein at Dottie, Taberville, Tiffin and vicinity of Lowry City is three to four feet thick; best deposits eight miles or more from railroad. Iron in northeast; limestone and sandstone along Sac and Osage Rivers. Whetstone deposits in pockets near Monegaw Springs; used for souvenirs of the resort. Kaolin and earth paint in west half of county. White clay analyzes 61 per cent silica and 24 per cent alumina.

Land -- 690 square miles; 441,600 acres; cultivated 219,404 acres; number of farms 2,851; average size 121.9 acres; aggregate valuation $5,467,725.Entering at different points in the southwest corner of the county, two prongs of the Osage River very soon flow together and thence continue a northeasterly direction to the county line and into Benton County. At Osceola, this stream is joined by the Sac River, which enters St. Clair county at a middle point on the south border. The Osage has approximately 65 miles and the Sac 27 miles of bed within the county. Northwest one-fourth of the county is undulating prairie. It is crossed by small creeks with narrow timber strips. Soil is uniformly prairie loam, black, with clay undersoil. Thin limestone rock is found at shallow depth. Bulk of prairie brings $40 to $50. One-fourth of it, embracing more creek, timber strips, sells at $20 to $30. Along main streams are bottom lands averaging three-eights of a mile in width. Estimated at 25,000 acres. Soil is black, sandy, bottomless loam. Prices, $0 to $50 an acre. One fourth of the county east of the Sac and Osage confluence is cultivatable farm lands, worth $15 to $25. Balance ranges from $1.25 to $10 an acre. Three thousand three hundred twenty five acres of government land are embraced. Wild land is clothed in blue stem grass.

Manufactured Products -- Cheese, brick, and lime are manufactured. Appleton City has three cheese plants and creameries; Osceola two lime kilns.

Transportation -- Missouri, Kansas & Texas 6.75; Kansas City Osceola & Southern 26.91; Kansas City, Clinton & Springfield 29.91 miles of taxed railroad. Last two lines are operated under Frisco leases. County roads cross rivers by five large steel bridges.

Schools -- Number of buildings, 114; High schools at Osceola, Appleton City. Appleton City Academy gives courses in primary, preparatory, academic, music, elocution, military and physical culture departments; 125 students.

MIneral Springs -- White and black sulphur, magnesia and various chalybeate, free and limestone waters. Monegaw Springs, Appleton City Springs, Taberville Springs, Chalybeate, Salt Creek, and County Line Sulphur Springs are points of mineral water virtues. First two are provided with hotels which are patronized during summers. Fishing is good.

Newspapers -- Osceola Democrat; Republican; Collins Advance; Lowry City Independent; Appleton City Tribune, Journal.

 

                        COUNTY'S 1902 CROP
                          Acres           Product          Value
Corn                     88,913         3,111,935 bu.    $  980,265
Wheat                    10,719           198,300 bu.       109,065
Oats                      8,566           231,280 bu.        61,290
Hay                      27,057            43,290 tons      231,095
Forage                    3,480             4,640 tons       23,200
Flax                      4,578            18,312 bu.        19,045
Broom Corn                  745           409,750 lbs.       11,270
Clover seed                            `       60 lbs.          335
Grass seed                                  1,600 lbs.        2,560
Tobacco                      26            16,900 lbs.        1,690
Potatoes                    652            61,940 bu.        21,680
Vegetables                1,230                              56,185
Total                                                    $1,517,680

                      LIVESTOCK AND PRODUCTS
  Kind                                     Number          Value
Cattle                                     27,259        $  820,770
Horses                                      9,953           663,535
Mules                                       1,711           119,770
Asses and Jennies                              82             8,200
Sheep                                       5,022            15,065 
Swine                                      32,825           328,250
Chickens                                  147,208 )
Turkeys                                     3,760 )         111,245
Geese                                       2,853 )
Ducks                                       2,637 )
Swarms of bees                              1,681             3,526
Honey                                      56,033 lbs.        7,004
Wool                                       19,990 lbs.        3,332
Milk                                    2,780,584 gal.)
Butter                                    457,257 lbs.)     153,825
Eggs                                      200,440 doz.      150,044
Total                                                    $2,384,57?

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